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Neonatal Care NICU

The intensive care unit, all you need to know baby in the NICU,What is a NICU,Neonates,sicks Newborns in Nicu,Neonatal Care baby


The Neonatal intensive care unit

When is it your baby will need to be cared for here?

For the sickest of babies.One in ten babies born in the UK spend at least a few days in a Neonatal Unit either because they have an infection and need intravenous antibiotics, need extra monitoring or breathing support.

 222 units in the UK hospitals offering various levels of neonatal care. These range from Special Care for those babies who need the the least intensive care, through to High Dependency and Intensive Care for the smallest and sickest babies.


NICU Care/Intensive Care: For babies needing breathing help (ventilation); for babies weighing less than 1,000 grams and/or born at less than 26 weeks’ gestation and receiving nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP); for babies with severe respiratory disease or who require major surgery.


Neonatal; intensive care unit is also known as Level 3 units or NICU (pronounced NIK -YOU). Some NICU's provide even more specialist services such as neonatal surgery.

The ratio of care your baby will receive in this NICU unit is 1 to 1 baby/nurse.Critically ill babies who require continuous support of organ function and continuous observation.

A Senior Nurse, Sisters are in charge of the nursing staff which includes nurses The medical staff consists of Consultants, Registrars and Senior House Officers. If a baby requires surgery, a Paediatric Consultant Surgeon will also be involved in the baby's care.

Other staff visiting may include Physiotherapists, Radiographers, Pharmacists, Dieticians and Social Workers. Social workers help parents in practical ways and can advise about benefits and maternity rights.

The national institute of health and clinical excellence monitors the level of care given and provides national guidance on promoting good health and preventing and treating ill health.

The latest standards are due to be released this summer 2010 on neonatal care and preventing blood clots.

This page is correct at time of publishing and any new ammendments will be added as we are made aware of them.


'Nursing Workload in UK tertiary neonatal units' in Archives of Disease in Childhood published online 30 Jun 2008.

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